Last Updated: Monday, March 15, 2020
The Maryland courts continue to follow a Phase Reopening Plan. On Monday, March 15, 2021, the Maryland courts moved to Phase IV. During Phase IV courts will be hearing non-jury trials and contested hearings in civil, family, and juvenile matters. For a chart of all phases, see Maryland Court Operations – Phased Reopening Plan. Courts will return to Phase V and resume full operations, including jury trials, on April 26, 2021. Phase V will require continued social distancing and health measures.
Clerk's Offices. During current Phase IV operations, clerk’s offices are open to the public.
Safety Measures and Social Distancing
In each phase, the Maryland Courts will follow the guidance of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and/or the Maryland Department of Health (MDH). We will require masks and social distancing or other measures those agencies recommend to protect public health and safety.
As those agencies have recommended, before you enter a court building you must:
- Answer COVID-19 screening questions;
- Permit staff to check your temperature (non-contact) if asked;
- Wear a face mask or covering;
- Maintain social distancing.
If we determine, after screening, that you cannot enter the court, we will give you information on other ways you can accomplish what you need to do.
If you do not comply with the requirements above, you may be denied entrance or required to leave the court.
Courts are encouraged to conduct remote proceedings, following the rules established by previously issued orders from the Chief Judge until further order. If your hearing will be held remotely, instructions will arrive by mail or you may be contacted by the clerk. Call the courthouse right away if you are not able to participate by remote means.
You may ask that the court change your in-person hearing to a remote hearing. Submit this form to ask for a remote hearing.
Courts may offer certain services to be determined by the administrative judge. These may include:
- Self-help centers;
- Alternative dispute resolution programs (for example, mediation);
- Family Division services;
- Law libraries;
- Child care for litigants, witnesses and others.
Through January 15, 2021, all incumbent judges will continue to be cross-designated so they can serve in any trial court in Maryland. Regardless of phase, judges shall be available to report in person or to serve remotely as determined by their administrative judge.
Search warrants will be addressed 24-hours a day, 7-days a week, in all phases. Search warrants will be handled electronically, if at all possible. Administrative judges will assign a judge to cover search warrant duty for specific timeframes.
Filing Court Documents
- In Person. Documents not required to be filed electronically may be filed in person at clerk’s offices.
- MDEC. The Maryland Electronic Courts (MDEC) may still be used for electronic filing. If you are in a county that does not yet use MDEC, you may continue to use MDEC for appellate filings.
- Virtual Drop Box. Non-MDEC jurisdictions (Baltimore City, Montgomery, and Prince George’s Counties) may still make “virtual drop boxes” available for filings through Phase Four.
- Other Filings Not Required to be Electronic. Individuals may still file documents via mail or using physical drop boxes when permitted.
Grand Juries, Jury Trials, Jury Service, and Trial Deadlines
Grand Juries May Continue. Grand juries may continue and new grand juries may begin sitting at the discretion of the administrative judge.
Criminal Jury Trials are Suspended. Criminal jury trials with trial dates pending November 16 through February 12, 2021, where the jury has not been selected were previously suspended. These trials will be rescheduled as soon as feasible beginning April 26, 2021. This is subject to change depending on the health emergency. Criminal jury trials where the jury has been selected may continue.
Civil Jury Trials. Civil jury trials were previously suspended from November 16 through April 23, 2021. Civil cases where a jury has already been selected, with jury trial dates to begin April 26, 2021, or later, may proceed subject to the need of the court to prioritize criminal or other urgent actions. This also may change depending on the health emergency.
Deadline for Offering Jury Trials to Defendants Extended. An earlier order stated that deadlines established by Maryland law or court rules regarding when criminal matters must be heard in state court were tolled or suspended effective March 16, 2020 by the number of days the courts were closed. This means that days that jury trials could not be offered to defendants due to the COVID-19 health emergency do not count against the time remaining for the start of a criminal jury trial. This also applies to the period during which jury trials were suspended between November 16, 2020 through April 25, 2021.
Jury trials that where pending trial on March 12, 2020 or initiated after that date, resumed on October 5, 2020. Deadlines in these cases were suspended an additional 30 days from October 5, 2020 to November 4, 2020.
Deadlines for Court Actions and Statutes of Limitations
Deadline for Initiating New Matters Extended.Deadlines established by Maryland law or court rules regarding when new matters must be filed in state court, including statutes of limitations, were tolled or suspended effective March 16, 2020, by the number of days the courts are closed. This means that the days the offices of the clerks of court were closed due to the COVID-19 health emergency (March 16 – July 20) do not count against the time remaining to initiate that matter. Clerks offices reopened to the public on July 20, 2020, and filing deadlines to initiate matters are were extended by an additional 15 days.
Deadline for Conducting Pending Judicial Proceedings Extended. Deadlines established by Maryland statute or court rules regarding when state courts must conduct pending judicial proceedings were tolled or suspended effective March 16, 2020, by the number of days the courts are closed. This means that the days the offices of the clerks of court were closed due to the COVID-19 health emergency (March 16 – July 20) do not count against the time remaining to conduct judicial proceedings. Clerks offices reopened to the public on July 20, 2020, and the deadlines for conducting proceedings in pending matters were extended by an additional 60 days. This will give the courts time to reschedule and hold those proceedings.
Dismissals for Lack of Jurisdiction or Prosecution. Under normal circumstances the court may dismiss a civil case for lack of jurisdiction (failure to serve the defendant within a specific time) or lack of prosecution (failure to take any action within 1 year, for most case types). The court will recalculate when cases are eligible to be dismissed for these reasons in light of these modified deadlines.
Foreclosures, Evictions, and Failure to Pay Rent Matters
State Protections from Foreclosure. On December 17, 2020, Governor Hogan amended an order providing that until the state of emergency is lifted, foreclosures of properties subject to a federal mortgage loan cannot proceed unless the loan servicer has provided a notice to the borrower at least 30 days prior that the borrower has a right to request a loan forbearance, and that the loan service has complied with all its obligations under the CARES Act.
Under Governor Hogan’s order, foreclosures of properties subject to a non-federal mortgage loan cannot proceed unless the loan servicer has notified the borrower in writing that if the borrower is experiencing a financial hardship due to the COVID-19 health emergency, the borrower may request a forbearance for a period up to 180 days.
Additional Federal Protection from Foreclosure. A federal moratorium may apply to certain foreclosure matters. Persons seeking to advance a foreclosure or tax sale case that was initiated or pending during the emergency period may file a Declaration of Exemption from Moratorium.
Additional Federal Protection from Eviction. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued an order that says a landlord cannot evict a tenant before June 30, 2021 if the tenant provides the landlord a declaration stating they meet certain conditions. For more information on the CDC Order visit the pages below:
- Information about housing matters for landlords here.
- Information about housing matters for tenants here.
Additional State Protection from Eviction. On December 17, 2020, Governor Hogan amended a prior Executive Order providing that until the state of emergency is lifted, courts cannot grant a judgment for possession of residential, commercial, or industrial property, or issue a warrant of restitution (the document required for eviction) if the tenant can show they suffered a substantial loss of income resulting from COVID-19. This defense can be raised in Failure to Pay Rent and Breach of Lease cases only.