Maryland Courts

Money Issues

Which Court?

There are two sections to this topic:

Someone Owes Me Money includes information on:

I Owe Money/Dealing with Debt includes information on:

Someone Owes Me Money

When someone owes you money or property, there are number of actions you can take. 

You can:  

  1. File a civil case to get your money or property back.  The court that hears the case will depend on the amount involved.
    • $5,000 or less "" Small Claims Court.  Your case can be heard in small claims court if the amount is for $5,000 or less.
      • The case must involve only money (not property).
      • The procedure is simplified.
    • $30,000 or less "" District Court or Circuit Court.  Your case can be heard in either District Court or Circuit Court if the amount does not exceed $30,000. 
      • The case may involve money or property.
      • The procedure is more formal and formal rules of evidence apply.
      • If either side requests a jury trial, the case must be heard in Circuit Court.
    • Over $30,000 "" Circuit Court.  Cases involving over $30,000 must be filed in Circuit Court.

  2. File a civil case in rent court.  If the money owed to you is rent or involves a rental property, your case will be heard in rent court.  See the information on Housing for more information about rent court.

  3. File criminal charges.  If you receive a bad check you can file criminal charges against the person who gave you the bad check.

  4. Once a court rules in your favor, you will have a judgment stating that the other person owes you money.  You then may have to take steps to actually collect on the judgment.

I Owe Money/Dealing with Debt

This section deals with debt, banktupcy, foreclosure and what to do if you have been served.